Old Men Wearing Wigs & Co.

Important Federalists 

James Madison  

March 16, 1751-June 28, 1836
Proposed the Virginia Plan, along with Edmund Randolph 
  • Bicameral legislature
  • State Representation based on population
  • People elected lower house, lower house elected upper house
  • Executive Branch, legislature picked Executive to serve what legislature wanted
  • Judicial Branch, life service
  • Council of Revision: could revise and veto legislation, made up of executive and judicial 
  • 3 branches, legislative (Congress), executive branch (carries out laws), judicial (courts to interpret laws)
  • Change in Congress, two houses, lower and upper houses
  • Favored large states

Worked with Hamilton and Jay to write Federalist Papers 
Member of House of Representative from 1789-1797
Helped with Bill of Rights
Favored alliance will France, not Britain

William Paterson 

December 24, 1745-September 9, 1806
Proposed New Jersey Plan
  • Unicameral Legislature
  • State Representation on Equality
  • Keep current Congress but give new powers
  • Executive Branch, Congress elects executives and would serve single term, state governors could recall
  • Judicial Branch, Executives chose people who served for life
  • Favored small states

One of New Jersey's first senators 1789, resigned to become governor 1790
Supreme Court Justice 1793-1806

Alexander Hamilton

January 11, 1757-July 12, 1804
Proposed Hamilton's Plan
  • Bicameral Legislature
  • House of Representatives elected for term of 3 years
  • Senate served for life with good behavior 
  • Executive Branch, executive served for life with good behavior=MONARCHY

Worked with Jay and Madison to write Federalist Papers

John Dickinson

November 8, 1732-February 14, 1808
Didn't sign Declaration of Independence, but helped to write Constitution
Proposed Dickinson's Plan
  • Unicameral Legislature
  • Was based on financial contribution

President of Delaware 1781-1782
Governor of Pennsylvania 1782-1785

Roger Sherman 

April 19, 1721-July 23, 1793
Proposed Connecticut Plan, AKA Great Compromise
  • Bicameral Legislature 
  • Have proportional representation in House of Representatives (favored by big states like MA, NY, MD, VA, PA, NC) 
  • Senate based on equality, gave every state 2 votes, liked by small states like NH, RI, CT, JN, DE, SC, GA) 
  • Large states had a bit more influence over taxation laws and how money spent
  • Bills passed in house could be check by small states
  • Virginia plan with equality, which the small states liked, had part of New Jersey plan
  • Congress could lay and collect taxes & regulate foreign trade
  • Ruled by a single person (executive)
  • This plan can be impeached by the Congress